The cerebrum is the largest and most complex part of the brain, accounting for about two-thirds of its mass. It is responsible for a wide range of functions, including sensory perception, language, reasoning, and voluntary movement. Neurological research has shown that the cerebrum is divided into two hemispheres, each with specific functions. The left hemisphere is associated with language and logical thinking, while the right hemisphere is specialized for visual-spatial processing, creative thinking, and emotional expression. In addition, the cerebrum is further divided into lobes, including the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes, each of which has a specific role in cognitive and behavioral functions. Moreover, therapy for various neurological disorders often focuses on the cerebrum. For instance, neuroplasticity is a therapy aimed at restoring and improving the cognitive, behavioral, and motor functions of the brain, by encouraging the brain's ability to adapt and reorganize itself after injury or disease. Other therapies aim to enhance or inhibit specific regions of the brain, like the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to treat depression or epilepsy. In conclusion, the cerebrum plays a crucial role in the functioning of the brain and is a central area of focus for neurological research and therapy. Understanding how it works and how to manipulate it can lead to significant improvements in cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes, making it a critical area of study for neuroscientists and highly relevant for individuals seeking treatment for neurological disorders.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.