International Journal of Global Health

International Journal of Global Health

International Journal of Global Health

Open Access & Peer-Reviewed

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Editor's Guidelines

An editor of a journal is responsible for maintaining guidelines for choosing and accepting papers submitted to that journal. We think that most of the guidelines provided are already known and accepted by experienced academics and researchers. Yet, people who are relatively new to editing responsibilities may find them to be of great use.


Manuscript Evaluation Checklist

During evaluation please check for these qualifications for maintaining the quality of the manuscript



  • Should be readily understood, clear and concise, informative and related to the content.


  • The hypothesis, or purpose, should be presented in the first paragraph, generally in the last sentence, and should be checked for clarity and conciseness along with addressing the problem. If necessary, the word limitation for abstracts may be altered.
  • Methodology is to be clearly identified and described briefly.
  • Results must be summarized; also data and statistics should be included where necessary.
  • Conclusions and findings should be stated.


Introduction is to be checked for the following:

  • Early introduction of the general problem
  • Precisely stated questions that are to be answered
  • Clear and concise hypothesis
  • Reachability of the problem
  • Preciseness of the hypothesis
  • Identification of the assumption of the study
  • Operational identification of pertinent terms
  • Significance of the problem discussed
  • Justification of the research
  • Brief summary of relevant literature and its implications for the research problem under study
  • Relevance of the citation and its pertinence to the research problem including the time factor.
  • Citations must provide rationale for research and should also be a primary source.
  • Relationship of the problem to previous research should also be made clear.

Methods and Materials:

  • The subject population should be described.
  • It is required to get informed consent or institutional review board approval if the subjects are people or the sample was made up of people. If necessary, kindly double-check.
  • If the subjects were animals, were appropriate standards of human care followed, with animal care review committee approval?
  • The following statement must be contained if animals were utilized:                                         All animals received care in compliance with the “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals” published by the National Institutes of Health  (NIH Publication 85-23, revised 1985.)
  • Justification of the sampling method.
  • Method of data collection must permit sufficiently for the judgment of their appropriateness for the study presented.
  • Appropriate design to study the hypothesis or questions.
  • Inclusion of proper controls where appropriate.
  • Variables should be mentioned unambiguously and identified.
  • Replication of the design should be explicit enough to be replicated.
  • Appropriateness of the statistical tests used. Appropriateness of the tests to the design.      (If you are unsure of the adequacy of statistical test selection please make note of it on the ‘Comments by Editor’ form and a statistical consult will be made.)

Results must contain:

  • Clear and precise and logically organized output.
  • Sufficient information to answer the research question.
  • Statistics reports with values. (where applicable)
  • Statistics relevant to the research hypothesis.
  • Complete, easily understandable tables and figures.

Data presented as a figure or in table format. (If a piece of data is in the table, a figure containing that same piece of data shouldn't be included, and vice versa. Asking the authors to publish the descriptive data in table form in an update to the study is something to consider doing if there are significant data.)

Discussion must contain:

  • Clearly stated conclusions.
  • Substantial evidence for the conclusion presented.
  • Revisited hypothesis.
  • Discussion of the implicated findings.
  • Proper generalization of the research with respect to the population studied. (ex: results from laboratory study cannot be used for clinical practice)
  • Description of possible sources of sampling bias or errors.
  • Relevance and reliability of the previous research data presented.
  • Valid data and its report of pertinence to the present study.
  • Identification of problems and limitations of the study and their discussion.
  • Suggestion of future research recommendation.



  • An end paragraph of the discussion section.    A summary paragraph can also be added before the conclusion paragraph if necessary.



  • They must follow the journal's standards for format and style. The primary sources (journals) are preferred for the citations above the secondary sources (textbooks).
  • As a general rule, manuscripts should contain significant reference to previously published work to support the discussion.
  • Although there is no defined standard, it is widely agreed that the reference numbers adhere to the paper's style. For reference numbers, please refer to the chart below. These are 'general' guidelines.

Manuscript Style

Reference Number

Clinical Scientific

20 to 30

Laboratory Scientific

20 to 30

Case Report

3 to 10

How To

3 to 10


50 to 150

Tables and figures:

  • Tables and Figures should represent the results in a clear and concise format. Good pictographically representation is expected. Use of the advanced technology and the available 2D and 3D formats can enhance the readability of the figures. But in no way the pictures should be manipulated just to match the results without relevance. Histograms and bar diagrams are also to be presented in an interesting manner. Even a video clip of limited size can also be included if it provides a stronger base.

Form and Style:

  • Report must be clear.
  • Report must be logically organized.
  • Tone should be impartial, unbiased and scientific.
  • Follow instructions for author format (else can be sent for revision unto the required format)
  • Must contain key words.

Few important guidelines:

  • The steps listed above are imperative and must be strictly taken into account when assessing a text. Write down any errors or remarks relating to the page's line numbers, and provide both the error and the correction, with a subheading for comments.
  • Please do not hesitate to give an impartial review. Number of revisions can be addressed until the desired quality is achieved.
  • Please reject the manuscripts which do not fall under the scope of the journal without a review.
  • In case of rejection please state the reason clearly and guide them for further action if required. (Ex: if the rejection is due to the improper language and good subject you can suggest them for language editing. If the rejection is due to the subject which is out of scope state it. Etc..,)
  • Adhere to the quality of language. It must be understandable by the readers all over the world.

Ethical Obligations:


  • An editor should give unbiased review without regard to the author's colour, religion, nationality, sex, seniority, or institutional affiliation, an editor should give every manuscript submitted for publication fair attention and evaluate it on its own merits.
  • Manuscripts submitted for publication should be reviewed by editors as soon as possible and with the utmost care. The editor alone is in charge of deciding whether to accept or reject a manuscript. If a manuscript is deemed improper for the journal, it may be rejected without review.
  • The editor and members of the editorial team should not disclose information about a manuscript under consideration to anyone other than those from whom professional advice is sought. After a decision the editor may disclose manuscript titles and authors’ names of papers that have been accepted for publication.
  • An editor should respect the intellectual independence of authors.
  • Each manuscript written by an editor and submitted to the journal should be assigned to another qualified individual with editorial responsibility and authority. A conflict of interest would arise if the author-editor gave the manuscript editorial attention in any shape or form.
  • Unpublished information, or interpretations disclosed in a submitted manuscript should not be used in an editor’s own research except with the consent of the author.
  • When a manuscript is so closely related to the research of an editor as to create a conflict of interest, the editor should arrange for some other qualified person to take editorial responsibility for that manuscript.
  • If a strong argument is made to an editor that the major ideas or conclusions of a report published in the editor's journal are incorrect, the editor should enable the publication of an appropriate report or note pointing out the error and, if possible, rectifying it.
  • An author may request the editor not use certain reviewers in consideration of a manuscript.
  • An Editor should ideally send a PDF rather than Microsoft Word or other electronic file to reviewers and request that comments not be made to the electronic copy of the manuscript.


These are the general and ethical guidelines you need to adhere to achieve the quality output of a research paper.

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Life Sciences
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