Journal of Clinical Case Reports and Images
ISSN: 2641-5518
Current Issue
Volume No: 1 Issue No: 2
share this page

Case Report | Open Access
  • Available online freely | Peer Reviewed
  • The use of Dermacell® in Fingertip Injury

    Wu, Tsung-Hsuan 1     Giampietro Bertasi 2      

    1Land Seed Hospital, Taiwan

    2University of Padua, Italy

    Abstract

    Matrices or tissue scaffolds provide a collagen structure for tissue remodelling while the removal of viable cells aims to minimize or prevent inflammatory or immunogenic response.

    Allograft collagen scaffold can support the patient’s own cellular ingrowth, ingeneered to minimize an immune response and to yeld a bio-compatible matrix and support incoming cellular growth. The decellyularized dermis retains its growth factors, native collagen scaffold, and elastin, thanks to a LifeNet Health proprietaryprocessin technology.

    Received 26 Jan 2019; Accepted 04 Mar 2019; Published 14 Mar 2019;

    Academic Editor:Mohamed Elfahar, Pan-Arab Federation of Societies for the Surgery of the Hand, Egypt.

    Checked for plagiarism: Yes

    Review by: Single-blind

    Copyright©  2019 Wu, Tsung-Hsuan, et al.

    License
    Creative Commons License    This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    Competing interests

    The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

    Citation:

    Wu, Tsung-Hsuan, Giampietro Bertasi (2019) The use of Dermacell® in Fingertip Injury. Journal of Clinical Case reports and Images - 1(2):14-22.
    Download as RIS, BibTeX, Text (Include abstract )
    DOI10.14302/issn.2641-5518.jcci-19-2626

    Introduction

    Fingertip injuries are defined as those distal to the insertion of the flexor and extensor tendons Primary goal of treatment is a painless fingertip with durable and sensate skin. 1 Methods of treatment include healing by secondary intention, skin grafting, shortening of the bone and primary closure, and coverage with local or regional flaps.

    Evaluation

    History and mechanism of the injury

    Patient factors age, gender, handedness, occupation, and history of previous hand injuries

    Function of flexor and extensor tendons

    Rx

    Antibiotics and tetanus prophylaxis

    Soft-tissue loss without exposed bone

    Soft-tissue loss with exposed bone

    Amputation

    Nail bed injuries

    Treatment

    For the treatment of fingertip injuries, the decision making process should proceed from the simpler techniques to the more complicated. When no bone is exposed, the open method is ideal for small or moderate sized wounds, and skin grafting should be considered for larger wounds . Distal transverse and dorsal oblique amputations with bone exposure can be treated with local advancement flaps. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

    Conclusion

    Derma cell was able to provide protection for the wound while encouraging rapid healing without the disadvantages of donor site morbidity and increased patient pain from an autograft. The rapid wound closure was encouraging and supports further use of Derma Cell for treating soft tissue trauma wounds.

    Case no. 1. 32 y/o, male. Crush injury with tip amputation of right middle finger. (Figure 1, Figure 2,Figure 3, Figure 4.)

    Figure 1. Post-op
    Figure 1.

    Figure 2. 4 days post-op
    Figure 2.

    Figure 3. 2 wks postr-o
    Figure 3.

    Figure 4. a-b: 4 wks post-op
    Figure 4.

    Case no. 2. 48 y/o, female. Laceration wound of right index finger; dorsal oblique soft tissue defect; nail bed defect; over DIPJ with bone and joint exposure. (Figure 5, Figure 6, Figure 7, Figure 8.)

    Figure 5. Post-op
    Figure 5.

    Figure 6. 4 wks post-op
    Figure 6.

    Figure 7. 8 wks post-op
    Figure 7.

    Figure 8. 11 wks post-op
    Figure 8.

    Case no 3. 42 y/o, male. Crush injury with soft tissue defect of volar side of the left thumb. (Figure 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13.)

    Figure 9. 4 days post-op
    Figure 9.

    Figure 10. 15 days post-op
    Figure 10.

    Figure 11. 2 months post-op
    Figure 11.

    Figure 12. 3 months post-op
    Figure 12.

    Figure 13. 4 months post-op
    Figure 13.

    Case 4. 44 y/o female. Laceration wound of the left thumb; dorsal oblique soft defect; nail bed defect. Over D IPJ with bone and joint exposure. (Figure 14, Figure 15.).

    Figure 14. 4 days post-op
    Figure 14.

    Figure 15. 3 months post-op
    Figure 15.

    Case 5. 24 y/o male. Contact full thickness burn wound of right thumb; soft tissue defect of dorsal side of the IPJ; tendon exposure. (Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18)

    Figure 16. 2 weeks post-op
    Figure 16.

    Figure 17. 6 weeks post-op
    Figure 17.

    Figure 18. 10 weeks post-op
    Figure 18.

    Case 6. 54 y/o male. Chemical burn, full thickness burn wound of right middle finger; tendon exposure. (Figure 19, Figure 20, Figure 21).

    Figure 19. 8 days post-op
    Figure 19.

    Figure 20. 2 months post-op
    Figure 20.

    Figure 21. 4 months pos-op
    Figure 21.

    Case 7. 40 y/o female. Crush injury of the right hand; amputation of right middle finger through DIPJ with volar oblique defect; amputation of right finger through middle phalanx with volar oblique defect; bone exposure. (Figure 22, Figure 23, Figure 24, Figure 25).

    Figure 22. 8 days post-op
    Figure 22.

    Figure 23. 2 weeks post-op
    Figure 23.

    Figure 24. 2 months post-op
    Figure 24.

    Figure 25. 3 months post-op
    Figure 25.

    Result

    The wounds progressed steadily, with full wound closure being achieved (average 1 to 4 months) after initial implantation. There were no signs of infection observed and the patient did not experience any reaction to the graft. Although the wound began healing slowly initially, the authors felt that was due to the complexity of the traumatic wound.

    We T reat R outinely Finertip Injuries with ADM ( Derma cell ) .

    References

    1.Zook E G. (1990) Anatomy and physiology of the perionychium. , Hand Clin 6, 1-7.
    2.Chow S P, Ho E. (1982) Open treatment of fingertip injuries in adults. , J Hand Surg [Am] 7, 470-476.
    3.Louis D S, Palmer A K, Burney R E. (1980) Open treatment of digital tip injuries. , JAMA 244, 697-698.
    4.Schenck R R, Cheema T A. (1984) Hypothenar skin grafts for fingertip reconstruction. , J Hand Surg [Am] 9, 750-753.
    5.Rosenthal E A. (1983) Treatment of fingertip and nail bed injuries. , Orthop Clin North Am 14, 675-697.
    6.Kappel D A, Burech J G. (1985) The cross-finger flap: An established reconstructive procedure. , Hand Clin 1, 677-683.
    7.Moberg E. (1964) Aspects of sensation in reconstructive surgery of the upper extremity. , J Bone Joint Surg Am 46, 817-825.
    8.Gaul JS Jr. (1969) Radial-innervated cross-finger flap from index to provide sensory pulp to injured thumb. , J Bone Joint Surg Am 51, 1257-1263.
    9.Vlastou C, Earle A S, Blanchard J M. (1985) A palmar cross-finger flap for coverage of thumb defects. , J Hand Surg [Am] 10, 566-569.
    10.Russell R C, Van Beek AL, Wavak P. (1981) Alternative hand flaps for amputations and digital defects. , J Hand Surg [Am] 6, 399-405.
    11.Littler J W. (1960) Neurovascular skin island transfer in reconstructive hand surgery, in Wallace AB (ed):. , Transactions of theInternational Society of Plastic Surgeons. London: E & S Livingstone 175-178.
    12.Van Beek AL, Kassan M A, Adson M H. (1990) Management of acute fingernail injuries. , Hand Clin 6, 23-35.
    13.Zook E G, Guy R J, Russell R C. (1984) A study of nail bed injuries: Causes, treatment, and prognosis. , J Hand Surg [Am] 9, 247-252.
    14.Shepard G H. (1990) Management of acute nail bed avulsions. , Hand Clin 6, 39-58.