Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) surgery is a treatment used in neurological research and therapy to manage and alleviate symptoms in conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and essential tremors. DBS involves the implantation of a small device or electrode into the brain, which delivers electrical impulses to specific regions of the brain responsible for motor control. This technique has been found to be effective in treating motor symptoms in patients that do not respond well to medications. DBS is a complex procedure that requires considerable expertise and precision. Before surgery, patients undergo extensive testing, including MRI scans to determine the exact location of the brain area responsible for the symptoms. During the surgery, the device is implanted into the brain under local anesthesia, and the patient is awake to provide feedback as the surgeon implants the device. The device is then connected to a battery pack, which is generally implanted under the skin in the chest or abdomen. Following surgery, patients require ongoing management and programming of the device to ensure it is delivering the right level of electrical stimulation. Patients may also require ongoing medication management, physical therapy, and speech therapy. Despite the complexity of the procedure and ongoing care, DBS has been shown to be an effective treatment for patients with neurological disorders that do not respond well to medications. It is a promising area of neurological research and therapy, with ongoing studies exploring its use in other conditions such as depression and epilepsy. If you or a loved one is suffering from one of the conditions treated by DBS, it is important to speak with a medical professional to determine whether DBS might be a treatment option.


From: Neurobiology

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