Plastics have been at the forefront of materials science for decades, with developments and advances that have revolutionized various industries. Plastics are versatile, affordable, lightweight, and durable, making them ideal for use in a wide range of products. However, the environmental impact of plastics is becoming increasingly concerning, and as such, researchers are looking for ways to improve the sustainability of plastics. One area of research focuses on bioplastics, which are made from renewable resources such as cornstarch, sugarcane, and potato starch. These bioplastics have the potential to significantly reduce the carbon footprint of plastic production, as they are biodegradable and do not contain harmful chemicals. Bioplastics have already been used in applications such as packaging, disposable cutlery, and shopping bags. Another area of research aims to improve the recyclability of plastics, as only a small percentage of plastic waste is currently recycled. Chemical recycling, which involves breaking down the plastic polymer into its chemical constituents, is a promising approach that could significantly increase plastic recycling rates. Researchers are also exploring the use of enzymes and bacteria to break down plastics. Furthermore, scientists are working on developing polymers with unique properties for specific applications. For example, researchers have developed self-healing plastics that can repair themselves when damaged, which could have significant applications in the aerospace and automotive industries. Additionally, new plastics are being developed that are flame-resistant, electrically conductive, and have antimicrobial properties. In conclusion, plastics are a crucial material in modern society, but their environmental impact is a growing concern. Scientists are exploring various avenues to improve the sustainability of plastics, from developing bioplastics and improving recyclability to creating new polymers for specific applications. These developments hold the potential to reduce plastic waste and pave the way for a more sustainable future.

From: Journal of New Developments in Chemistry

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Editor-in-chief: Zhe-Sheng Chen, Professor Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Professions St. John’s University
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and change of matter. Chemistry includes topics such as the properties of individual atoms, how atoms form chemical bonds to create chemical compounds, the interactions of substances through inter molecular forces that give matter its general properties.