Vertigo is a neurological condition that causes a sensation of spinning, swaying, or tilting, even when the person is stationary. It is caused by disturbances in the inner ear or the brain, which are responsible for maintaining the body's balance and spatial orientation. There are different types of vertigo, including peripheral vertigo and central vertigo. Peripheral vertigo is caused by problems in the inner ear, such as vestibular neuritis or Meniere's disease. Central vertigo, on the other hand, is caused by problems in the brain, such as stroke or multiple sclerosis. Vertigo can be a very debilitating condition that can interfere with daily life activities such as driving, working, or simply walking. It can be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances. Treatment for vertigo depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, it may resolve on its own without any intervention. In other cases, medications such as anti-vertigo agents or antihistamines may be prescribed. In severe cases, vestibular therapy may be recommended to help the brain compensate for the inner ear disturbances. Overall, managing vertigo requires a multidisciplinary approach that involves the expertise of neurologists, ENT specialists, and physical therapists. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the outcomes and help people with vertigo regain their balance and quality of life.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.