Tractography

Tractography is a method used in neurological research and therapy to visualize and analyze the complex network of neural connections within the brain. It allows researchers to create 3D images of neuronal pathways and track the direction of nerve fibers in order to better understand brain function and connectivity. Tractography is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of neural disorders such as dementia, multiple sclerosis, and traumatic brain injuries. By mapping the neural connections in the brain, physicians can identify abnormalities in the network that may be causing symptoms and target specific areas for treatment. One of the most common methods of tractography involves the use of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This technique measures the diffusion of water molecules in the brain, which is influenced by the direction and density of neural fiber tracts. By analyzing the diffusion patterns, researchers can infer the orientation of the nerve fibers and create a 3D reconstruction of the neural pathways. Tractography has the potential to revolutionize the field of neuroscience by providing a more complete understanding of how the brain works and how it can be treated. It allows for a non-invasive method of mapping the complex network of neural connections, which was previously only possible through invasive procedures. In the future, tractography may even be used as a diagnostic tool for early detection of neurological disorders, helping patients receive treatment earlier and potentially improving outcomes.


From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.