Stuttering is a type of speech disorder that affects the fluency of speech. It is a neurological condition that affects both children and adults. People who stutter often experience difficulties in starting and completing words or sentences due to involuntary repetitions, prolongations, and blocks when speaking. Stuttering is caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, developmental issues, and environmental factors. In some cases, emotional stress and anxiety may also trigger stuttering. Although there is currently no cure for stuttering, there are a variety of effective therapies available that can help reduce the severity of stuttering and improve speech fluency. One of the most effective therapies for stuttering is speech therapy, which involves working with a speech-language pathologist to develop strategies and techniques to improve speech fluency. This may include breathing exercises, relaxation techniques, and practicing specific speech patterns. In addition to speech therapy, other treatments for stuttering may include the use of electronic devices that provide auditory feedback, such as delayed auditory feedback or frequency-altered feedback, which can help improve speech fluency. Medications are also sometimes used to help alleviate the anxiety and stress that can exacerbate stuttering. Overall, stuttering is a complex neurological condition that can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life. However, with the right combination of therapies and treatments, most people with stuttering can achieve significant improvements in their ability to communicate more fluently and effectively.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.