Psychostimulants are a class of drugs that have therapeutic applications in the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. They function by increasing neuronal activity, particularly in the areas of the brain that are responsible for motivation, attention, and cognitive processing. Psychostimulants have been found effective for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and depression. Psychostimulants work by increasing the levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. These chemicals are responsible for regulating mood, attention, and motivation. By enhancing their levels, psychostimulants can improve these areas of functioning in people with certain neurological disorders. One of the main therapeutic uses of psychostimulants is in the treatment of ADHD. Millions of school-age children and adults are diagnosed with this disorder each year, and psychostimulant medications have been found to be the most effective way to manage symptoms. These drugs help to reduce hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and inattention, enabling individuals to better focus on tasks and complete them effectively. In addition to the treatment of ADHD, psychostimulants have also been found effective in treating narcolepsy. This disorder causes extreme daytime sleepiness and can cause individuals to fall asleep at inappropriate times. By increasing dopamine levels in the brain, psychostimulants can help reduce the level of sleepiness and allow individuals to be more alert during the day. Overall, psychostimulants offer a valuable treatment option for individuals with neurological and psychiatric disorders. They work by increasing the levels of important neurotransmitters in the brain, and can help to regulate mood, attention, and motivation. By using these medications under the guidance of a healthcare professional, individuals can experience significant improvements in their symptoms and enjoy a better quality of life.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.