Peripheral Nerves

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is responsible for transmitting and receiving signals between the brain, spinal cord, and the rest of the body. It consists of two major divisions, the somatic and autonomic nervous systems. Within the PNS, there are millions of nerve fibers that relay information about temperature, touch, pain, and other sensations to the brain. These fibers are protected by a specialized type of supportive tissue known as Schwann cells. When a peripheral nerve is damaged or injured, the symptoms can range from mild discomfort to severe pain or paralysis. Fortunately, neurological research and therapy have advanced to help patients who suffer from peripheral neuropathy – a condition whereby peripheral nerves fail to function normally. Researchers are studying the use of stem cells to promote repair and regeneration of damaged peripheral nerves. Moreover, recent studies have shown that electrical stimulation of nerves may provide relief to patients suffering from chronic pain. Therapies such as laser therapy, massage, and exercise have all been shown to help maintain or improve the function of peripheral nerves. The goal of such therapies is to retrain the nervous system to respond more appropriately to stimuli, thereby reducing pain and discomfort. In conclusion, the study of peripheral nerves and the use of advanced therapies are vital to the treatment of peripheral neuropathy. With continued research and advancements in therapy, the prognosis for patients suffering from nerve damage may soon improve.


From: Neurobiology

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