Paraplegia is a condition characterized by paralysis of the lower limbs and torso, caused by neurological damage to the spinal cord. Motor and sensory function below the level of injury is affected, resulting in the loss of feeling and movement in the legs, hips, and below. The severity of paraplegia depends on the extent and level of the damage to the spinal cord. Neurological research and therapy have been striving to find a cure for this debilitating condition. Advances in regenerative medicine are now offering hope for restoring function to damaged spinal cords. Researchers are exploring different approaches such as stem cell therapy, tissue engineering, and neurotrophic factors to help regenerate and repair the damaged nerve tissue. Moreover, neurorehabilitation therapy is playing an integral role in enhancing the functional recovery of patients with paraplegia. Various techniques such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and psychological support are implemented to aid patients in adapting to their new day-to-day challenges, achieve maximum independence, and improve their quality of life. Furthermore, novel technologies such as robotic exoskeletons and brain-computer interfaces are emerging as promising tools in assisting paraplegic individuals. These devices offer alternative pathways to control their bodies, enabling paralyzed individuals to walk, move robotic arms and perform various tasks autonomously. In summary, ongoing neurological research and therapy are making strides towards repairing neurological damage and enhancing the functional recovery of individuals with paraplegia. With continued dedication and innovation, we may garner significant advancements in providing the best outcomes for individuals living with this condition.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.