Neurotoxicology is a branch of science that studies the harmful effects of chemicals, drugs, and other substances on the nervous system. This field of research is critical in understanding the mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases and developing new therapies to treat or prevent them. Neurotoxic substances can cause a range of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, neuropathies, and seizure disorders. They can enter the body through ingestion, inhalation, or skin contact, and then interfere with the normal functioning of the nervous system. Some common neurotoxic substances include heavy metals, pesticides, solvents, and drugs of abuse such as alcohol and cocaine. Neurotoxicology research aims to identify and characterize the mechanisms by which these substances cause damage to the nervous system. This involves studying the molecular, cellular, and physiological processes underlying neurotoxicity. Such research can lead to the development of new treatments to prevent or reverse the harmful effects of neurotoxic substances. In addition to studying the effects of toxic substances on the nervous system, neurotoxicology also investigates the potential therapeutic uses of chemicals and drugs that can stimulate or enhance the nervous system. These substances can be used to treat conditions such as depression, anxiety, and addiction. Overall, neurotoxicology is an incredibly important field of research in neuroscience and medicine. By understanding the effects of harmful substances on the nervous system, we can develop new therapies to prevent and treat neurological diseases and disorders.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor: Ichiro Kawahata , Laboratory of Pharmacology,  Department of Molecular Pharmaceutics,  Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences,  ​Tohoku University.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Toxicology is an advanced, experimental, comprehensive, open access, peer-reviewed journal. This journal deals with highest-quality manuscripts which specify and describe the development activities conducted in the field of Clinical Toxicology.