Neurochemistry is a field of study that unravels the chemical compounds and interactions within the brain and nervous system. This includes the study of the neurotransmitters that are involved in brain function and communication, as well as the chemical imbalances that can lead to neurological disorders. Through neurochemistry research, scientists aim to better understand the molecular mechanisms that underlie brain function and behavior. This knowledge can then be used to develop new therapies for neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, autism, and schizophrenia. Neurochemistry research has also led to the development of medications that target specific neurotransmitters or receptor sites in the brain. For example, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly prescribed to treat depression and anxiety by increasing the levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter associated with mood regulation. In addition, neurochemistry research has provided insight into the role of genetics in neurological disorders. By identifying specific genes and mutations associated with conditions such as Huntington's disease and epilepsy, researchers can develop targeted therapies or even gene therapies that could potentially treat or prevent these disorders. Overall, neurochemistry plays a critical role in understanding the complexities of the brain and developing effective treatments for neurological disorders.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.