The neocortex is the outermost layer of the brain and is responsible for higher-level cognitive functions such as perception, consciousness, and language. It is the most recently evolved part of the brain and is found only in mammals. Research into the neocortex has been extensive, with many studies focused on understanding its fundamental structure and function. The most prominent theory is that the neocortex works through the formation and recall of neural patterns. The input from the sensory organs through the thalamus is then processed in the neocortex, where it is transformed into a spatial and temporal pattern that serves as the basis for perception and thought. The neocortex has also been linked to many neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Research in this area has led to a greater understanding of the neural mechanisms associated with these disorders, and to the development of new treatments for them. Therapeutically, the neocortex has shown great promise for brain injury recovery, memory improvement, and cognitive enhancement. Techniques like non-invasive brain stimulation and neurofeedback have been used to target specific regions in the neocortex, enhancing neural plasticity and regenerating lost cognitive functions. In conclusion, the neocortex plays a vital role in cognitive function, and research into its structure and function has led to groundbreaking new treatments and therapies for neurological disorders. Promoting greater understanding of the neocortex is critical to the development of innovative treatments for a wide range of neurologic conditions.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.