The hypothalamus is a key area of the brain that plays a critical role in regulating a wide range of bodily functions, including body temperature, hunger and thirst, circadian rhythms, and hormone regulation. Through the hypothalamus, the body's neuroendocrine system is able to keep various physiological processes in balance and operating smoothly. Neurological research has focused on understanding the complex interplay between the hypothalamus and other parts of the brain, as well as the broader impact that disorders of the hypothalamus can have on overall health and well-being. Disorders of the hypothalamus, such as those caused by tumors, injuries, or infections, can lead to a range of symptoms, including sleep disorders, mood changes, and problems with metabolism and digestion. Recent therapeutic approaches have focused on targeting the hypothalamus as a way to address a range of neurological and metabolic disorders. This has included the development of drugs that specifically target the neurons and signaling pathways within the hypothalamus, as well as advances in surgical techniques that allow for the precise targeting of damaged or diseased areas of the hypothalamus. Overall, the importance of the hypothalamus in regulating bodily processes and maintaining overall health has made it a critical area of focus for neurological research and therapeutic intervention. By better understanding the complex relationship between the hypothalamus and other parts of the brain and body, researchers hope to develop more effective treatments for a range of neurological and metabolic disorders in the years to come.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Dragan Nikolic, University of Belgrade,  School of Medicine,  dr Subotica 9,  11000 Belgrade, Serbia.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system,its diseases, and its specific secretions known as hormones. Endocrinology focuses primarily on the endocrine organs, meaning the organs whose primary function is hormone secretion. These organs include the pituitary, thyroid, adrenals, ovaries, testes, and pancreas