Hydrocephalus is a neurological condition caused by the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. This disrupts the normal balance of CSF circulation and can lead to brain damage. Hydrocephalus can be congenital, meaning it is present at birth, or acquired later in life as a result of injury, infection, or tumor growth. Symptoms of hydrocephalus can include headaches, nausea, vomiting, vision problems, and cognitive impairment. Treatment for hydrocephalus typically involves surgery to implant a shunt, which is a tube that redirects excess CSF to other parts of the body where it can be absorbed. In some cases, endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) can be used to create a new path for CSF to flow through without the need for a shunt. Research into hydrocephalus and its treatment is ongoing. Studies are investigating potential genetic causes of the condition, as well as novel therapies such as the use of stem cells to promote brain repair. In addition to medical interventions, therapy can also be helpful for individuals with hydrocephalus. This may include physical therapy to improve strength and coordination, occupational therapy to develop skills for daily living, and speech therapy to address communication difficulties. Overall, the development of new treatments and therapies for hydrocephalus remains an important area of neurological research. By better understanding this condition and its impact on the brain, we can continue to improve outcomes for individuals living with hydrocephalus.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.