Hemangioblastoma is a type of noncancerous (benign) brain tumor that typically forms in the cerebellum, which is the part of the brain that controls movement and coordination. Although benign, hemangioblastomas can be very dangerous because they can grow and cause pressure on the brain tissue. The tumor cells in hemangioblastomas are believed to originate from specialized cells in the blood vessels called hemangioblasts. Hemangioblastomas can be sporadic or can occur as part of a genetic condition called von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. VHL disease is a condition that increases the risk of developing tumors in multiple areas of the body. Treating hemangioblastomas often requires a team of healthcare professionals, including neurosurgeons, neuro-oncologists, and radiation oncologists. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy or a combination of both. Neurological therapy for hemangioblastoma patients may focus on improving mobility, coordination, and speech, as well as addressing other symptoms that may result from tumor growth, such as headaches or seizures. Rehabilitation services may be tailored to each patient's unique needs, and may include physical therapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy. Through continued research and advancements in treatment, the prognosis for patients with hemangioblastoma has improved in recent years. However, early detection and timely treatment are crucial for successfully managing this type of brain tumor.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.