Ependymoma is a rare type of brain tumor that originates in the cerebral spinal fluid which circulates through the brain and spinal cord. They can occur in both children and adults and are most commonly found in the fourth ventricle, which is located at the base of the brain. Ependymomas can also be found in other areas of the brain and spinal cord, but this is less frequent. Ependymomas are difficult to diagnose due to their location in the brain, but common symptoms include headaches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and difficulty with balance and coordination. As the tumor grows, it can cause pressure on the brain which can lead to seizures, changes in behavior or vision, and weakness or numbness in the limbs. Treatment options for ependymoma include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The choice of treatment depends on the size, location, and stage of the tumor. Surgery involves removing as much of the tumor as possible, while radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to destroy the remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with surgery and radiation therapy to further reduce the risk of recurrence. Research in neurological therapy has led to better understanding of this type of brain tumor, helping doctors to identify the best treatment options for patients. The use of advanced imaging techniques, such as MRI and CT scans, enable doctors to accurately determine the location and extent of the tumor. In addition, targeted therapies and immunotherapies are being studied as potential treatments for ependymomas. Overall, neurological research and therapy are essential components in the management of ependymomas. Early diagnosis and effective treatment can significantly improve patient outcomes and quality of life.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.