Electromyography (EMG) is a diagnostic tool used to assess the health of muscles and the nerve cells that control them. It is a widely used technique in neurological research and therapy. EMG records the electrical activity produced by muscles during contraction and relaxation using small, thin needles called electrodes that are inserted into the muscle. Once inserted, the electrodes detect the electrical signals that are generated when the muscles contract and relax, and transmit the signals to a recording device. The information obtained from an EMG can help in the diagnosis of various neurological conditions such as peripheral neuropathy, motor neuron disease, and muscular dystrophy. It can also be used to monitor the progression of these conditions and to guide treatment plans. Additionally, EMG is used in combination with nerve conduction studies to assess nerve function. EMG can also be used for therapeutic purposes. Electromyography-guided injection therapy involves using EMG as a visual aid to precisely guide the injection of medication into specific muscles or nerve tissue. This can be an effective treatment for conditions such as dystonia, spasticity, and chronic pain. Overall, electromyography is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological conditions. Its ability to accurately assess muscle and nerve function makes it a critical component of neurological research and therapy.

From: Neurobiology

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