Electroencephalography, commonly known as EEG, is a non-invasive neurological test that records and measures the electrical activity produced by the human brain. It is used to evaluate and diagnose various neurological disorders such as epilepsy, sleep disorders, brain injuries, and Alzheimer's disease. During an EEG test, several electrodes are placed on the patient's scalp, and they are required to remain still and relaxed for approximately 30 minutes while the electrodes record the brain's electrical activity. The resulting EEG tracings are interpreted by a specialist to determine any abnormal patterns or signals that could indicate the presence of a neurological disorder. EEG is not only used for diagnosis but also in the treatment of neurological disorders. A technique called neurofeedback is a form of EEG therapy where electrodes are placed on the patient's scalp, and real-time brain activity is displayed on a monitor. The patient learns to control their brain activity, which can improve cognitive function and help manage conditions such as ADHD, anxiety, and depression. EEG is a safe and non-invasive alternative to more invasive neurological procedures, making it a popular diagnostic tool. It is cost-effective and highly accessible, making it an essential tool in the field of neurology. Improved research on EEG has led to enhanced understanding of the brain's structure and function, expanding opportunities for research and innovative treatments. In conclusion, EEG is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of various neurological disorders. Its non-invasive nature and accessibility make it a crucial element in modern neurology. Further, technological advancements in EEG promise to open doors to more precise diagnostics and innovative treatments in the field.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Giuseppe Lanza, Associazione Oasi Maria SS.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: International Epilepsy Journal is an open access journal which publishes manuscripts after thorough peer review. This journal deals with all aspects of epilepsy and epilepsy-related fields including clinical and basic research.