Electrocorticography (ECoG) is a non-invasive neuroimaging technique that involves the placement of electrodes directly on the surface of the brain to record and map neural activity. This method is particularly useful in the field of neuroscience, as it provides high-resolution spatial and temporal data that can help researchers better understand the pathophysiology of neurological disorders and develop new therapeutic strategies. One major application of ECoG is in the treatment of epilepsy. By monitoring electrical activity in the brain in real-time, ECoG can help identify regions of abnormal activity associated with seizures. This information can then be used to guide the placement of neuromodulatory devices, such as deep brain stimulators or responsive neurostimulation systems, to suppress seizure activity and improve patient outcomes. Additionally, ECoG has shown promise in the development of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). By recording neural activity associated with specific movements or behaviors, such as speech or movement of a prosthetic limb, ECoG can be used to develop BCIs that allow individuals with paralysis or other motor impairments to control devices using their thoughts. Overall, ECoG is an incredibly powerful tool for understanding and treating brain disorders. Its high spatial and temporal resolution make it a valuable addition to the toolboxes of researchers and clinicians alike, with the potential to greatly improve our understanding of the brain and its functions.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.