Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that affects the respiratory system. The disease is caused by a fungus called Coccidioides, which is found in soil in certain areas of the southwestern United States, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. The fungus is most commonly found in desert regions, and infections often occur during dry, dusty weather. When people breathe in the fungus, it can cause symptoms ranging from flu-like illness to a serious lung infection. In some cases, the fungus can spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones, joints, or skin. People with weakened immune systems, pregnant women, and older adults are at higher risk of developing severe disease from coccidioidomycosis. Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent coccidioidomycosis, but treatment is available. Antifungal medications are typically used to treat the infection. In most cases, people recover fully with proper treatment, although the recovery process can be slow. Research into new therapies for coccidioidomycosis and other fungal infections is ongoing. Scientists are exploring the use of vaccines, immunotherapies, and other approaches to prevent and treat these infections. By better understanding the mechanisms of fungal infections, researchers hope to develop more effective treatments and improve outcomes for people with coccidioidomycosis and related diseases.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.