Cervical Vertebrae

Cervical vertebrae are the seven small bones that make up the neck region of the spine. These bones are stacked on top of one another and are numbered C1 through C7. The cervical vertebrae are responsible for supporting the weight of the head, protecting the spinal cord, and allowing for movement of the neck. The cervical vertebrae are unique in that they are the only vertebrae that have a small opening on either side called a transverse foramen. These openings allow for the passage of the vertebral artery, which supplies blood to the brain. The cervical vertebrae are also involved in various neurological disorders and therapies. For example, conditions such as cervical spondylosis and cervical disc herniation can cause neck pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness. These conditions are often treated with conservative therapies such as physiotherapy and chiropractic care. In more severe cases, surgery may be required. Additionally, the cervical vertebrae are linked to various neurological disorders such as cervical dystonia, a movement disorder that affects the neck muscles. Therapies for cervical dystonia include botulinum toxin injections, deep brain stimulation, and physical therapy. Overall, the cervical vertebrae play a crucial role in supporting head movement and protecting the spinal cord, while also being involved in various neurological disorders and therapies. Understanding the structure and function of these bones is vital to providing effective treatment for these conditions.


From: Neurobiology

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