In the field of neurological research and therapy, arousal refers to the state of alertness and readiness of the brain and body to respond to stimuli. This state of arousal is mediated by the arousal system of the brain, which is comprised of various pathways and centers that regulate wakefulness and consciousness. Research has shown that disruptions in the arousal system can lead to neurological disorders such as narcolepsy, insomnia, and sleep apnea. Neurological therapies aimed at targeting the arousal system have been developed to treat these disorders, as well as other conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and traumatic brain injury. One such therapy is electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback, which trains patients to increase their own level of arousal through biofeedback techniques. This therapy has been used to improve attention, mood, and cognitive function in patients with ADHD and other neurological conditions. Another therapy technique is transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), which uses magnetic fields to stimulate the arousal centers of the brain. TMS has shown promising results in the treatment of depression and anxiety, as well as in improving cognitive function in patients with dementia and other neurodegenerative disorders. In conclusion, the study of arousal and its regulation through neurological therapies is an important area of research in the field of neuroscience. Techniques such as EEG neurofeedback and TMS hold promise for the treatment of neurological disorders and improving cognitive function in patients with various conditions.

From: Neurobiology

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Editor-in-chief: Zheng Jiang, Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.