Absence Seizures

Absence seizures, also called petit mal seizures, are a type of seizure that predominantly affects children. They are characterized by brief and sudden episodes of loss of awareness or consciousness. During these seizures, the child may experience a sudden pause in their activity, stare blankly, or exhibit fluttering movements of their eyelids or lips. Absence seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. The seizure starts and ends abruptly, usually lasting only a few seconds. They can occur several times a day, and a child may experience up to hundreds of absence seizures in one day, which can significantly impact their quality of life and ability to learn. A thorough neurological evaluation is necessary to diagnose absence seizures. EEG (Electroencephalogram) is a common test used to monitor brain activity and diagnose the seizure's specific location. Treatment for absence seizures may include medication such as ethosuximide or valproic acid, which can help control the seizures. Early diagnosis of absence seizures is critical for effective treatment and management. As they can significantly impact a child's education and social life, it's crucial to seek medical attention if you suspect your child is experiencing absence seizures. With proper treatment and management, a child with absence seizures can enjoy a fulfilling life, free of seizures and their effects.


From: Neurobiology

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