Journal of Biotechnology and Biomedical Science

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  • Evaluation of the Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated L-Tryptophan Using LC-MS Spectrometry

    Dahryn Trivedi 1   Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 1   Alice Branton 1   Snehasis Jana 2  

    1Trivedi Global, Inc., Henderson, USA

    2Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Thane (W), Maharashtra, India

    Abstract

    L-tryptophan is an essential α-amino acid, necessary for the normal growth in newborns, nitrogen balance in adults, protein synthesis, precursor of serotonin, melatonin, niacin, and albeit inefficiently in human, also the precursor of indole alkaloids and auxins in plants. This current study was designed to investigate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Biofield Energy Healing Treatment (Blessing) on the structural properties and the isotopic abundance ratio of L-tryptophan using LC-MS analytical technique. L-tryptophan sample was divided into two parts, one part of L-tryptophan was considered as the control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the second part was treated with the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment/Blessing remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and termed as the treated sample. The mass spectra of both the control and treated samples with respect to the chromatographic peak at retention time (Rt) 2.1 minutes exhibited the mass of the molecular ion peak adduct with hydrogen ion at m/z 205.08 (calcd for C11H13N2O2+, 205.1), along with low molecular fragmented mass peaks at m/z 188, 159, and 102 for C11H12N2O2+, C10H11N2+, and C8H6+, respectively were also observed. The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14Nor17O/16O) in the treated L-tryptophan was significantly increased by 35.93% compared with the control sample. Hence,the 13C, 2H, 15N, and 17O contributions from C11H13N2O2+ to m/z 206.08 in the treated L-tryptophan was significantly increased compared to the control sample. It could be hypothesized that the changes in the isotopic abundance and mass peak intensities due to the modification in nuclei possibly through the interference of neutrino particles using the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment. The Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan with increased stable isotopic abundance ratio might have changed the physicochemical properties with higher force constant in the molecule. The new form of treated L-tryptophan would be a better and more stable in the supplements, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical formulations, which would be advantageous for the prevention and treatment of pellagra, depression, kynurenine. It could also maintain the normal label of tryptophan and avoid increase of its metabolite, lower the neurotoxin and a metabotoxin behavior, glutaric aciduria type I (glutaric acidemia type I) disorder, eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS), incurable and sometimes fatal flu-like neurological condition, etc. As tryptophan is the precursor for the plant hormones like indole alkaloids and auxins, hence, this treated L-tryptophan would be advantageous for the improvement of yield, productivity, and quality of crops and other plants.

    Author Contributions
    Received 09 Mar 2021; Accepted 13 Apr 2021; Published 15 Apr 2021;

    Academic Editor: John Akighir, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, UAM, Department of Veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology, and Biochemistry Master of Science.

    Checked for plagiarism: Yes

    Review by: Single-blind

    Copyright ©  2021 Dahryn Trivedi, et al.

    License
    Creative Commons License     This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    Competing interests

    The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

    Citation:

    Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana (2021) Evaluation of the Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated L-Tryptophan Using LC-MS Spectrometry. Journal of Biotechnology and Biomedical Science - 2(4):10-18.

    Download as RIS, BibTeX, Text (Include abstract )

    DOI 10.14302/issn.2576-6694.jbbs-21-3773

    Introduction

    L-tryptophan [C11H12N2O2] is an essential α-amino acid, which must be obtained from the diet and supplements. It is necessary for normal growth in new-borns, nitrogen balance in adults, protein synthesis, a precursor of serotonin, melatonin, niacin, and albeit inefficiently in human. It is also the precursor of indole alkaloids and auxins in plants 1,2. It is converted to 5-hydroxy-tryptophan (5-HTP), which increase the production of serotonin, a neurotransmitter essential in regulating sleep, appetite, mood, temperature, sexual behaviour, and pain1,3. Sources for tryptophan are red meat, eggs, fish, poultry, brown rice, soybeans, chocolate, oats, dried dates, milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, sesame, chickpeas, almonds, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, buckwheat, spirulina, peanuts, etc. 1,2. The daily requirement of tryptophan for adults is 3 mg/kg/day. The tryptophan and protein requirement decreases with age. Improper diet, high maize or other tryptophan-deficient diets, fructose malabsorption, Hartnup's disease, etc. are the cause for reduced levels of tryptophan in the blood. Tryptophan deficient can be the cause of pellagra; the other deficiency diseases are depression and kynurenine. Under certain situations if the label of tryptophan and its metabolite increase, it can behave like a neurotoxin and a metabotoxin, glutaric aciduria type I (glutaric acidemia type I) disorder, eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS), create an incurable and sometimes fatal flu-like neurological condition, etc. 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8. L-tryptophan is slightly soluble in water, very slightly soluble in alcohol, practically insoluble in ether and chloroform. On heat to decompose it emits toxic fumes of nitric oxide 1.

    The physicochemical properties of L-tryptophan are very important for the supplements, nutraceutical/ pharmaceutical, and other industries. The quality and efficiency of a pharmaceutical/ nutraceutical formulation depend upon the physicochemical properties of the substance, which is a challenging task for the scientific communities 9. In this scenario, The Trivedi Effect®- Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment have the astonishing capabilities to transform the properties of many living and non-living object(s) 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. The Trivedi Effect® is a natural and only scientifically proven phenomenon in which a person can harness this inherently intelligent energy from the Universe and transmit it anywhere on the planet through the possible mediation of neutrinos 15. Every living organism possesses a unique infinite, para-dimensional electromagnetic energy field surrounding the body known as Biofield Energy. The Biofield Energy Healers can harness the energy from the “Universal Energy Field” and can transmit into any living or non-living object(s), which is known as the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment. There are several Biofield based Energy Healing Therapies that are used nowadays against various disease conditions 16, 17, 18. Biofield Energy Healing therapy has been recognized worldwide as a Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) health care approach by National Center of Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) with other therapies, medicines and practices such as Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese herbs and medicines, homeopathy, yoga, chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, Qi Gong, Tai Chi, meditation, acupressure, acupuncture, healing touch, hypnotherapy, naturopathy, Reiki, cranial sacral therapy, etc. 19. These are the therapies have been well accepted by most of the U.S.A. population with several advantages 20. The Trivedi Effect®- Consciousness Energy Healing/Blessing Treatment (Biofield Energy Healing Treatment) also reported with significant results altering the physicochemical properties of chemicals, metals, ceramics and polymers 21, 22, 23, 24, transformed antimicrobial properties 25, 26, improved agricultural crop yield, productivity, and quality 10, 11, 27, improved skin health 28, 29, improved the cancer in cancer cell line 30, improved bioavailability of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical compounds 31, 32, and altered the isotopic abundance ratio 33, 34.

    Study of the natural stable isotope ratio analysis has many applications in the different field to understand the isotope effects resulting from the alterations of the isotopic composition 35, 36, 37. Gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography – mass spectrometry (LC-MS), are the widely used sophisticated analytical techniques for the analysis of isotope ratio with sufficient precision 36. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment/Blessing could be an economical approach to obtain a better desirable L-tryptophan with improved physicochemical properties for the supplements, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical formulations. Therefore, this study was designed and evaluated the impact of the Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment/Blessing on L-tryptophan using LC-MS for the structural characterization and the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 17O/16O) compared to the control sample.

    Materials and Methods

    Chemicals and Reagents

    L-tryptophan (> 99%) was purchased from Alfa Aesar, India. All other chemicals used during the experiments were of analytical grade available in India.

    Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment Strategies

    The L-tryptophan powder sample was the test sample divided into two parts. One part of the test sample was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided). However, the other part of the test sample was exposed to the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely under standard laboratory conditions for ~3 minutes and known as the Trivedi Effect® Treated/Blessed (Biofield Energy Treated) L-tryptophan. The Biofield Energy Treatment/Blessing was provided through the healer’s unique energy transmission process by the renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi, USA, to the test sample. Further, the control sample was treated with “sham” healer for the better comparison. However, the “sham” healer did not have any knowledge about the Biofield Energy Treatment/Blessing. After that, the Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed and untreated L-tryptophan samples were kept in sealed conditions and characterized using LC-MS analytical techniques.

    Characterization

    Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) Analysis and Calculation of Isotopic Abundance Ratio

    The liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis of the control and Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan was carried out with the help of LC-MS ThermoFisher Scientific, the USA equipped with an ion trap detector connected with a triple-stage quadrupole mass spectrometer. The column used here was a reversed phase Thermo Scientific Synchronis C18 (Length-250 mm X ID 4.6 mm X 5 micron), maintained at 25˚C. The diluent used for the sample preparation was methanol. The L-tryptophan solution injection volume was 10 µL and the analyte was eluted using acetonitrile (80%) + 0.1% formic acid (20%) pumped at a constant flow rate of 1 mL/min. Chromatographic separation was achieved using gradient condition and the total run time was 10 min. Peaks were monitored at 278 nm using the PDA detector. Mass spectrometric analysis was performed under ESI +ve ion mode. The total ion chromatogram, peak area% and mass spectrum of the individual peak which was appeared in LC along with the full scan (m/z 50-400) were recorded. The total ion chromatogram and mass spectrum of the individual peak (appeared in LC-MS) were recorded.

    The natural abundance of each isotope (C, H, N, and O) can be predicted from the comparison of the height of the isotope peak with respect to the base peak. The values of the natural isotopic abundance of the common elements are obtained from the literature 38, 39, 40. The LC-MS based isotopic abundance ratio (PM+1/PM) for the control and Biofield Energy Treated L-tryptophan (C11H13N2O2+) was calculated.

    Percentage (%) change in isotopic abundance ratio = [(IARTreated – IARControl)/ IARControl) x 100]

    Where IARTreated = isotopic abundance ratio in the treated sample and IARControl = isotopic abundance ratio in the control sample.

    Results and Discussion

    Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS)

    The control and Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan showed a single prominent peak at retention time (Rt) of 2.1 minutes in the LC-SM chromatograms (Figure 1). This results indicated that the sample is pure and polarity of both the samples was similar to each other. The mass spectra of both the control and Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed samples of L-tryptophan are presented in Figure 2. The mass spectra of both the samples at Rt of 2.1 minutes exhibited the presence of the molecular ion of L-tryptophan adduct with hydrogen ion at m/z 205.08 (calcd for C11H13N2O2+, 205.1), along with low molecular fragmented mass peaks at m/z 188, 159, and 102 for C11H12N2O2+, C10H11N2+, and C8H6+, respectively were observed both in the control and Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan (Figure 3). The fragmentation pattern of the experimental data was well supported by the published literature data 41.

    Figure 1. Liquid chromatograms of the control and Biofield Energy Treated L-tryptophan.
    Figure 1.

    Figure 2. Mass spectra of the control and Biofield Energy Treated L-tryptophan at Rt 2.1 minutes.
    Figure 2.

    Figure 3. Proposed fragmentation pattern of L-tryptophan.
    Figure 3.

    Isotopic Abundance Ratio Analysis

    The control and Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan samples showed the mass of a molecular ion at m/z 205.08 (calcd for C11H13N2O2+, 205.1)with 100% relative abundance in the spectra. The theoretical calculation of isotopic peak PM+1 for the protonated L-tryptophan presented as below:

    P(13C) = [(11 x 1.1%) x 100% (the actual size of the M+ peak)] / 100% = 12.1%

    P(2H) = (13 x 0.015%) x 100% / 100%= 0.195%

    P(15N) = (2 x 0.4%) x 100% / 100% = 0.8%

    P(17O) = (2 x 0.04%) x 100% / 100% = 0.08%

    PM+1i.e. 13C, 2H, 15N, and17O contributions from C11H13N2O2+ to m/z 206.08 = 13.18%

    The calculated isotopic abundance of PM+1 value 13.18% was near to the experimental values (Table 1). From the above calculation, it has been found that 13C and15N have the major contribution to m/z 206.08.

    Table 1. LC-MS based isotopic abundance analysis results in Biofield Energy Treated L-tryptophan compared to the control sample.
    Parameter Control Sample Biofield Energy Treated Sample
    PM at m/z 205.08 (%) 100 100
    PM+1 at m/z 206.08 (%) 9.74 13.24
    PM+1/PM 0.0974 0.1324
    % Change of isotopic abundance ratio (PM+1/PM) with respect to the control sample 35.93

    PM: the relative peak intensity of the parent molecular ion [M+]; PM+1: the relative peak intensity of the isotopic molecular ion [(M+1)+], M: mass of the parent molecule.

    The LC-MS based isotopic abundance ratio analysis PM and PM+1 for L-tryptophan near m/z 205.08 and 206.08, respectively of the control and Biofield Energy Treated samples, which were obtained from the observed relative peak intensities of [M+] and [(M+1)+] peaks, respectively in the mass spectra (Table 1). The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14Nor17O/16O) in Consciousness Energy Healing Treated L-tryptophan was significantly increased by 35% compared to the control sample (Table 1). Thus, the 13C, 2H, 15N, and 17O contributions from C11H13N2O2+ to m/z 206.08 in the Biofield Energy Treated sample was significantly increased compared to the control sample.

    LC-MS study confirmed the structure of the sample as L-tryptophan. The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 17O/16O) in the Biofield Energy Treated L-tryptophan was significantly increased compared to the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have the impact on nuclei of L-tryptophan possibly via the mediation of neutrino particles would be the solid cause behind the change in the isotopic abundance ratio 15, 33, 34. A neutrino is an elementary particle that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity. The properties to change identities which are only possible if the neutrinos possess mass and have the ability to interchange their phase from one phase to another internally. Therefore, the neutrinos have the ability to interact with protons and neutrons in the nucleus, which indicated a close relation between neutrino and the isotope formation 36, 37. The altered isotopic composition in molecular level of The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated L-tryptophan might have altered the neutron to proton ratio in the nucleus. The Biofield Energy Treated L-tryptophan with increased stable isotopic abundance ratio, might have changed the physicochemical properties with higher force constant with the atoms of the L-tryptophan. The Biofield EnergyTreated L-tryptophan with improved physicochemical properties would be more desirable for the supplements, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical formulations, which would be advantageous for the prevention and treatment of pellagra, depression, kynurenine. It could also maintain the normal label of tryptophan and avoid increase of its metabolite, lower the neurotoxin and a metabotoxin behavior, glutaric aciduria type I (glutaric acidemia type I) disorder, eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS), incurable and sometimes fatal flu-like neurological condition, etc. Tryptophan is the precursor for the plant hormones like indole alkaloids and auxins. Therefore, this Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan would be advantageous for the improvement of yield, productivity, and quality of crops.

    Conclusions

    The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment/Blessing (Biofield Energy Treatment) showed the substantial impact on the isotopic abundance ratio of L-tryptophan. The LC-MS spectra of both the control and Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed samples with respect to the chromatographic peak at retention time (Rt) 2.1 minutes exhibited the mass of the molecular ion peak adduct with hydrogen ion at m/z 205.08 (calcd for C11H13N2O2+, 205.1), along with low molecular fragmented mass peaks at m/z 188, 159, and 102 for C11H12N2O2+, C10H11N2+, and C8H6+, respectively were also observed. The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14Nor17O/16O) in the Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan was significantly increased by 35.93% compared with the control sample. Hence,the 13C, 2H, 15N, and 17O contributions from C11H13N2O2+ to m/z 206.08 in the Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan was significantly increased compared to the control sample. It could be hypothesized that the changes in the isotopic abundance and mass peak intensities due to the modification in nuclei possibly through the interference of neutrino particles using the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment. The Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan with increased stable isotopic abundance ratio, might have changed the physicochemical properties with higher force constant in the molecule. The new form of Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan would be a better and more stable in the supplements, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical formulations, which would be advantageous for the prevention and treatment of pellagra, depression, kynurenine. It could also maintain the normal label of tryptophan and avoid increase of its metabolite, lower the neurotoxin and a metabotoxin behavior, glutaric aciduria type I (glutaric acidemia type I) disorder, eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS), incurable and sometimes fatal flu-like neurological condition, etc. As tryptophan is the precursor for the plant hormones like indole alkaloids and auxins, hence, this Biofield Energy Treated/Blessed L-tryptophan would be advantageous for the improvement of yield, productivity, and quality of crops and other plants.

    Acknowledgements

    The authors are grateful to Sophisticated Instrumentation Centre for Applied Research & Testing (SICART) India, Trivedi Science, Trivedi Global, Inc., and Trivedi Master Wellness for their assistance and support during this work.

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