HPV-18 (Human Papillomavirus 18) is a specific type of virus that is known to cause abnormal growth of cells in the cervical region leading to cervical cancer. It is responsible for about 15% of all cervical cancer cases worldwide. HPV-18 is considered a high-risk type of HPV, as it has been associated with the development of cancers of the vulva, vagina, anus, and oropharynx, among others. Cancer caused by HPV-18 develops gradually, as cells in the cervix start to divide uncontrollably and form a mass called a tumor. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to nearby tissues and organs, leading to serious health complications and even death. The good news is that there are effective measures that can be taken to prevent HPV-18 infection and cervical cancer. HPV vaccination, for instance, can provide protection against this type of virus and the associated cancer. Cervical cancer screening tests such as Pap smear and HPV tests can detect abnormal cells early, before they develop into cancer. Research in hematology and oncology is ongoing to develop better diagnostic tools and treatment options for HPV-18 and other types of cancers related to this virus. Researchers are also studying the role of HPV-18 in the development of other types of cancers and exploring new ways of preventing and treating these cancers. In summary, HPV-18 is a high-risk type of HPV that is associated with the development of cervical and other types of cancers. Preventative measures such as vaccination and cancer screening tests can help to reduce the incidence and impact of this virus. Ongoing research is crucial to improve our understanding of HPV-18 and related cancers and to develop better treatment options.

From: Hematology Research and Oncology Research

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Editor-in-chief: Krzysztof Roszkowski, Department of Oncology F. Lukaszczyk Oncology Center Nicolaus Copernicus University
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: Hematology is a branch of medicine concerning the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. The word "heme" comes from the Greek for blood. Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. It is very important for oncologists to keep updated of the latest advancements in oncology.