Globins are a class of proteins found in blood that play an essential role in oxygen transport and storage. They are a critical area of research in hematology and oncology, as they have been linked to several diseases. There are several types of globins in humans, including alpha, beta, gamma, and delta. Each type is made up of a polypeptide chain consisting of a specific sequence of amino acids. These chains can combine to form different types of hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body. Studies have shown that abnormalities in globin genes can lead to blood disorders like sickle cell anemia and thalassemia. In some cases, these disorders can increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer, including leukemia. Research into globins has also found promising new treatments for certain blood disorders. For example, gene therapy is showing promise for treating beta-thalassemia. Scientists are exploring ways to stimulate the production of fetal hemoglobin, which can alleviate some of the symptoms of sickle cell anemia. Overall, the study of globins is critical to our understanding of blood diseases and has the potential to lead to new therapies and treatments for these conditions. By understanding the role of these proteins in the body, researchers can develop new strategies for preventing and treating blood disorders and some cancers.

From: Hematology Research and Oncology Research

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Editor-in-chief: Krzysztof Roszkowski, Department of Oncology F. Lukaszczyk Oncology Center Nicolaus Copernicus University
Publication Type: Open Access Journal
Description: Hematology is a branch of medicine concerning the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. The word "heme" comes from the Greek for blood. Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. It is very important for oncologists to keep updated of the latest advancements in oncology.