Blood-brain Barrier

The Blood-brain Barrier (BBB) is a highly specialized physiological structure that separates the circulating blood from the brain’s extracellular fluid. It is formed by a tightly packed layer of specialized endothelial cells that are connected by tight junctions. The endothelial cells of the BBB are characterized by low pinocytotic activity, which means that foreign substances cannot easily move across the BBB. The BBB plays an essential role in maintaining the stability of the brain’s internal environment. It regulates the movement of ions, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and brain tissue, while also providing protection against the entry of harmful substances, such as toxins, pathogens, and drugs. In hematology and oncology research, the BBB is significant because it can be a limiting factor in the delivery of therapeutic agents to brain tumors. As the BBB prevents the entry of drugs into the brain, less than 1% of chemotherapeutic agents reach the brain when administered systemically. Therefore, researchers have focused on developing strategies to overcome the BBB and deliver drugs directly to brain tumors. One approach is to use nanoparticles, which are small drug molecules that are injected into the blood, which, due to their size, can pass through the BBB. Another approach is to disrupt the BBB temporarily, allowing drugs to pass through when needed. Although researchers are still working on developing effective strategies, overcoming the BBB is a promising area of research that could lead to significant advances in the treatment of brain tumors. In conclusion, Blood-brain barrier research plays a vital role in hematology and oncology research, as it has a significant impact on drug delivery to brain tumors. Understanding the BBB’s structure and function and finding ways to overcome its barrier will play an essential role in developing effective therapies for brain tumors.


From: Hematology Research and Oncology Research

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