Journal of Biomaterials

Journal of Biomaterials

Journal of Biomaterials

Current Issue Volume No: 1 Issue No: 1

Research Article Open Access Available online freely Peer Reviewed Citation Provisional

The application of different orientation of orthotropic composite beam

1Mohammed V university in Rabat,Morocco


In the present document, the dynamic analysis of isotropic materials applied to the laminated composite beam has been studied to improve the simplification of the homogenization process of heterogeneous composite materials.1, 2

This study is based on the conventional stratified theory of Von Karman's formulation and the kinetic energy of Euler Bernoulli developed through displacement relationships.

The model used in this study to explain the problem of non-linear geometry in the free vibration applied of laminated beam is based on the Hamilton's principle for solving the motion equation and determining the frequency of the reaction of the rolled beam.

The numerical of the symmetric an asymmetric material gives a good idea of the behaviour of the orthotropic materials, and to minimize the problem of many areas used these materials such as: dental medicine, aeronautical, aerospace, because they have a good strength, high rigidity.2, 3

The comparison between the different lay up may give greater importance to this study and open the search to simplify the problem of non linear geometry and give a good result about the older other published.

For instance the application of medicine,the researcher has to decode the compatibility of the human body with new materials,and to minimize the problem of deterioration,The comparison with different lay up give more interesting by the mechanical engineering and the researcher's to give the solution of no linear problem and optimize the composite material’s to adaptation with problem study.4

Author Contributions
Received 03 Sep 2023; Accepted 19 Jan 2023; Published 30 Mar 2023;

Academic Editor: Raul Isea, Fundación Instituto de Estudios Avanzados -IDEA.

Checked for plagiarism: Yes

Review by: Single-blind

Copyright ©  2023 Elaakili Abdellatif, et al.

Creative Commons License     This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Competing interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.


Elaakili Abdellatif, El Bekkaye merrimi (2023) The application of different orientation of orthotropic composite beam. Journal of Biomaterials - 1(1):7-11.

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The laminated composite material became important in many field such as: mechanical, electronic, aerospace, aeronautic, dental medicine, medicine, nanotechnology.5, 6

They have good properties physics and mechanic can be give more interesting for researcher's and ingenieur’s of different area.

for example the used of composite beam in nanotechnology to concentrate of this properties for search in the development of laminated composite material’s in biology and medicine.

Further more, the application of orthotropic composite beam is increasing in different area because they have more advantages as : aeronautic used the material’s because they have a good soupless,high rigidity.

Therefore this study is based on the application of orthotropic laminated composite material’s in different area and offered the occasion the analyze the procedure of homogenization for composite beam .

The model used in this paper based in the theory of Von Karman for the strain displacement relationships and the equation of Euler Bernoulli which developed the equation of total energy.7

Classical Theory of laminated composite material

This study is based on theory of geometry nonlinear in different area and the problem became very important in many field because ,more the users of composite material’s .such us the aeronautic and aerospace search in properties to improve the rigidity and soupless of material for effect of temperature .

The part is based in the equation of laminated composite material’s of case the orthotropic and isotropic material’s written about the theory of Von - Karman for non linear strain -displacement relationships: Figure 1, Figure 2, Table 1.

 The Total elastic energy VT developed 3 by theory of Euler-Bernoulli applied in laminated composited



Total potential energy VT developed in 2

Table 1. Comparison between cross ply symmetric and cross ply asymmetric and woven
W max ( cross ply symmetric) w nonlinear W max ( cross ply asymmetric) w nonlinear W max (woven) w nonlinear
0,24 1,01 0,24 1,009 237 1,05
0,32 1,017 0,3 1,016 316 1,087
0,4 1,028 0,39 1,026 0,39 1,13
0,5 1,04 0,47 1,03 0,47 1,18
554 1,054 0,55 1,05 0,54 1,24
0,6 1,07 0,63 1,06 0,62 1,30
0,7 1,09 0,71 1,08 0,7 1,37
0,8 1,1 0,78 1,09 774 1,44
0,88 1,12 0,86 1,11 0,85 1,5
944 1,15 0,94 1,14 922 1,59

Figure 1.laminated composite beam
 laminated composite beam

Figure 2.comparison of non-linear frequency between cross ply and woven
 comparison of non-linear frequency between cross ply and woven

Figure 3.comparison the non-linear frequency between cross ply asymmetric and woven
 comparison the non-linear frequency between cross ply asymmetric and woven

Numerical Result

The study based in the calculation of non-linear frequency of orthotropic composite material’s and the test realized about the orthotropic laminated composite beam ,they have the properties perfect: high rigidity, and good stiffness such us: ET=225 GPA , EL=210 GPA ; ρ = 2389Kg/m3 ; h=0,01m


The work supported by Mohammed V university in Rabat


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